The electrical breaker panel or the circuit breaker box is located in the utility room and provides electricity to the home. If you are a homeowner, you must have some basic knowledge of how it functions and its characteristics. You may be able to troubleshoot electrical problems in your house and prevent harmful scenarios by understanding what it is, why it’s vital, and how it functions.
The good news is that it is not too difficult for you to understand. So let us delve into some of the basics you need to be familiar with.
The primary function of an Electric Breaker Panel
The main circuit breaker panel is a large switch evenly distributing the power supply to your home. Other smaller sub-switches that link with particular regions of your house are also housed in the circuit breaker box. Breakers are the names of these tiny switches used to maintain electrical safety.
As a result, as a homeowner, you would only require access to the main circuit breaker panel to execute repairs or replacements when the power trips. Now that you have some basic idea about the electric breaker panel at your home or office, you will realize it is imperative to ensure the proper safety of the home or office electrical system and the entire property.
The importance of the circuit breaker box for home safety
The main circuit breaker panel receives the power flowing from your utility company’s line after passing through the meter. As a result, it exposes you and your family to electrical risks from your HVAC system, household appliances, and electronic devices. Electric shocks, burns, and flames can significantly harm life and property.
In addition to providing electricity, the circuit breaker panel is built with safety mechanisms to safeguard the wiring and prevent electrical shocks and fires caused by overloading or heat build-up. The circuit breaker panel’s safety system protects your house and its occupants from any risks associated with different electrical risks. These include poor grounding, short circuits, voltage swings, defective wiring, and damaged insulation.
Therefore, as a home or property owner, you must pay close attention to the overall functioning of your home or office’s electric breaker panel.
Some of the electric circuit breaker panels’ primary safety features
The circuit breaker panel’s primary electrical components and materials are as follows:
- The switch that controls the current flow is known as the main circuit breaker. Therefore, the relevant circuit breaker automatically trips to stop the current flow if a short circuit causes an overload or because too many appliances are running at once. The following two categories can further separate standard breakers:
- Single-Pole Breaker – Commonly found in most circuit breakers, these single switches can handle up to 120 volts and usually operate at 15-20 amps.
- Double-Pole Breaker: These breakers have two poles and can handle 240 volts. They come in various amperages. Large residential equipment, including air conditioners, water heaters, washers, and stoves, are used with double-pole breakers.
So, we hope you have some idea about the importance of the electric breaker panel. If it has been worn out or damaged, you need to upgrade it to ensure your home safety.